In 1698 Zanzibar became part of Oman's overseas settlements.
Between 1887 and 1892 the Sultan lost all these possessions which were taken over by Great Britain and Germany.
The British Empire gradually gained control of the region and become the protectorate of the empire, there was a modest attempt on behalf of the Germans to intervene in the control of the island. This all concluded in an indirect way, after a very short conflict in 1896 between the Anglos and Zanzibarians.
When the Sultan Hamoud Bin Mohammed rose to the throne he agreed to the request made by the English and put an end to the principal role of slave trading on the island, which initiated in the 17th century under the rule of the Oman, thus prohibiting slavery and freeing all the slaves in the country.
In December 1963 Zanzibar obtained its independence from Great Britain as a constitutional monarchy ruled by the Sultan. But the Sultan was overthrown in January 1964 and in April Zanzibar united itself to the state of Tanganika thus forming Tanzania.
Malaria: differently from the mainland, the risk of contracting malaria on the coast and particularly in Zanzibar is very low. In any case, your general practitioner will be able to supply you with appropriate advice.
Currency: The local currency is the Tanzanian Shilling, one euro is equivalent to 1900-2100 shillings, one dollar around 1600 shilling, American Dollars (issued after 2006) and Euros are accepted. Credit cards are not very popular.
Language: The local language is Swahili but English is widely used , Italian is also frequently spoken in some beach resorts.
Religion: Zanzibar has always been a crossroad of cultures from Africa, Middle East, Asia and Europe. The majority are Muslims who peacefully live together with a minority of Christians and other religions.
Spices: Zanzibar is also known as "the Spice Island" and for many centuries the whole economy of the island was linked to cultivating and trading of spices, particularly cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, pepper, and many other spices which were originally imported by the sultans of Oman.
Advice: It is compulsory to have a passport which is valid for at least 6 months and an entrance visa which can be obtained on arrival at the airport or at the Tanzanian Consulate before leaving your country.
Visa costs $ 50. We wish to remind you that there is a $ 38 departure tax paid to the local government.